Explain infibulation both in men and women?

Hi there, what is infibulation? I tried researching about and what I got I understood nothing frankly. Could you explain it to me in simple language? I have understood that it is some kind of a surgery done to both male and female, but for what reasons? Is it necessary to get it done? One has to get the genitals modified but why and how? Is it a painful procedure?

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